Lightbox Brightness Uniformity* CRI (spec.)
Viewing Area Dimensions Controls
ITI LED Lightbox 30 – 10,000 Lux 95.2% Over 97 260 mm x 220 mm 400 (W) x 380 (H) x 100mm (D) Bluetooth, USB
GL-16e Lightbox Viewer 5750 Lux 63.6% 96-98 10 x 18″ (25 x 46 cm) 15x25x5″ (38x64x13cm) Manual
GL-20e Lightbox Viewer            
GL-30e Lightbox Viewer            
GL-44e Lightbox Viewer            
GLX-3044 Lightbox Viewer N/A N/A 96-98 30×42″ (76x107cm) 35x49x5″ (89x124x13cm) Manual
GLX-3856 LIghtbox Viewer N/A N/A 96-98 38×56″ (96x142cm) 43x63x5″ (109x160x13cm) Manual
GLE-10 Lightbox Viewer N/A TBC 96-98 8×10″ (20x25cm) 15.5×12.25×3.25″ (39x31x8cm) Manual
GLE GLX-30 Lightbox Viewer 5000 Lux 70.1% 96-98 16″ x 30″ (41 x 76cm) 21 x 37.5 x 5″  Manual
Artograph LightPad® 930 2820 Lux  77%   12×9″   On/Off
Artograph LightPad® 950 2740 Lux 78.5%   24×17″   On/Off

*measured using 9 rectangular regions, as described below.

Lightbox Uniformity- Detailed Measurements

For the key measurement, the definition of uniformity is

Uniformity = 100%*(1 – (maximum of 9 regions- minimum of 9 regions) / maximum of 9 regions)

where the 9 rectangular regions (shown in the figures below) include the top, bottom, left, right, 4 corners, and center. The rectangular region dimensions are 10% of the crop width and height and (except for the center region) they are located 5% of the width and height from the boundaries, as described below.

 

Click on any of the images below to view full-sized.

ITI LED Lightbox

Uniformity = 95.2%

Response is very even, but unusual in that the center is slightly dimmer than the top and bottom.

Note that the contour line increments are 0.01 (1%), lower than the other lightboxes because the ITI is much more uniform. (0.02 contour increments wouldn’t show very much.)

The lightbox spectra for the standard 3100K and 5100K settings, provided by ITI, are shown below.

ITI_uniformity_contours
ITILED-3100k ITILED-5100k

GTI GL-16e Lightbox

Uniformity = 63.6%

The contour line increments are 0.02 (2%), double that of the ITI LED Lightbox. Both the GL-16e and GLX-30 have very wide aspect ratios. Their uniformity would be much better if less of the sides were included in the measurement.

 

GTI_GLX16e_uniformity_contours

   

Artograph 930 12×9 inch Light Pad

We use this inexpensive lightbox for non-critical applications like MTF measurements and for trade show demonstrations. It’s uniformity is quite good.

Uniformity = 77%

Artograph_12x9_uniformity_contours

Artograph 950 24×17 inch Light Pad

We use this large, relatively inexpensive lightbox for non-critical applications like MTF measurements and for trade show demonstrations. It’s uniformity is quite good.

Uniformity = 78.5%

(Figure is darker because image was less exposed.) 

Arto_950_uniformity_contours

The control

The control for these measurements was made by capturing images immediately in front of the ITI lightbox (no more than 1cm distant). Results were repeatable when the camera was moved around the lightbox. Contour increments are very small: only 0.002 (0.5%).

Uniformity = 98.75%

EOS-6D_closeup_uniformity

GTI GLX-30 Lightbox

(No longer available in the Imatest Store)

Uniformity = 70.1%

The contour line increments are 0.02 (2%), double that of the ITI LED Lightbox.

GTI_GLX30_uniformity_contours

GTI GLE 12e Lightbox

(No longer available in the Imatest Store)

Uniformity = 65.8%

The contour line increments are 0.02 (2%), double that of the ITI LED Lightbox.

GTI_GLX12e_uniformity_contours

How we made the measurements

We developed a methodology for measuring lightbox uniformity because we were not aware of any relevant standards.

  • Photograph the lightbox using a camera with a long focal length marco lens. Such lenses tend to be highly uniform, i.e., have very low vignetting. We used the Canon EOS-6D with the highly-regarded 100mm f/2.8 macro lens set at f/8. Be sure to capture raw images. We used manual focus because the EOS-6D didn’t focus well on this image.
  • Frame the lightbox so it occupies about the central 30% of the image (10% by area). This makes the already low vignetting insignificant. Here is the framing (and region selection) for two lightboxes.
Click on the images to display them larger.
ITI_uniformity_cropITI Lightbox GTI_uniformity_cropGTI Lightbox
  • Open Uniformity (or Uniformity Interactive) and read in the raw file, converting it to a gamma = 1 (linear) file. (This means it’s not a standard file, but pixel level will be proportional to illumination.) Here are the recommended settings from the Imatest dcraw GUI window. The key settings are Output gamma = 1.0 (Linear), Auto white level checked, and Normalize by 1.0.

lightbox_dcraw_settings

  • Crop the images just inside the bright areas of the lightbox, as shown above. If there are areas of rapid illumination falloff close to the edges of the lightbox image, it’s OK to omit them.
  • Click Yes to open the Uniformity settings box. The key settings are shown inside the red rectangles. The corner and side regions (the rectangles) are 10% of the ROI (linearly), and the location of the regions is 5% (of the ROI size) from the ROI boundaries. We feel this is a reasonable summary metric since most tone and color measurements are made in the central two-thirds of the image. Uniformity is more important when measuring tone and color than it is for MTF, even though Imatest corrects for patch nonuniformity due to vignetting and uneven illumination.

lightbox_uniformity_settings

  • After you click OK (not shown) Uniformity runs and the results figures appear. The key nonuniformity summary metric does not appear in the figures it’s in the CSV and JSON file output. Here is the relevant CSV output.

    Uniformity = 100%*(1 – (maximum of 9 squares – minimum of 9 squares) / maximum of 9 squares)

Nonuniformity LRTB sides ctr (%) 36.44
Uniformity LRTB sides ctr (%) 63.56
  • and here is the JSON output:

         “nonuniformity_LRTB_sides_ctr_pct”: [36.4],
         “uniformity_LRTB_sides_ctr_pct”: [63.56],