Pixel Technology Types
Complimentary Metal-Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS)
Most consumer imaging sensors and compact camera modules use CMOS sensor technology.
Charged Couple Device (CCD)
By concentrating the light onto the active area of a pixel, these tiny optics help to improve the fill factor and quantum efficiency of the sensor. These can also affect color and spatial uniformity of illumination.
Color Filter Arrays
Bayer Sensors (RGGB)
Most color consumer image sensors include this format of image sensor
This is the lack of a color filter array.
Red Clear Clear Clear (RCCC)
This automotive sensor maximizes light sensitivity while enabling a red channel that allows
Red Clear Clear Blue (RCCB)
This automotive sensor improved sensitivity. Imatest’s green channel can be interpreted as the clear channel, which can also be interpreted as the Luminance channel. Color balance with a color correction matrix can compensate for the lack of green filtered pixels which allows an ordinary RGB image to be obtained.
This “stacked” sensor technology combines the pixels for different colors into a single location which prevents color moiré artifacts. [ ref: wikipedia ]
Red Green Blue White (RGBW)
This layer of the sensor helps to reduce color moiré by spreading high-frequency energy across multiple pixels.
Silicone has a response up to 1100nm of light, but the human visual system cuts of at