Texture Detail

Many consumer cameras, especially cameras with small image sensors or pixels (mobile imaging devices and point-and-shoots), have signal processing that varies over the image plane. Sharpening is applied near contrasty features (like edges), but noise reduction (lowpass filtering) is applied— often strongly— the absence of sharp features, resulting in loss of texture detail. Such cameras will perform well on slanted-edge tests while producing unsatisfactory images. To emphasize this we show a real camera phone image, where the window and shingles have been strongly sharpened, but texture in the pine shrubs has been completely lost.Imatest measures texture sharpness in two modules:

  • Log F-Contrast, which relates pattern contrast to texture loss, and
  • Random/Dead Leaves, which supports two types of chart. The Scale-invariant random pattern minimizes sharpening and maximizes noise reduction. The Dead Leaves pattern is more representative of typical images. The Dead Leaves pattern has attracted considerable attention from the industry, particularly from the Camera Phone Image Quality (CPIQ) group. Imatest’s new Spilled Coins (Dead Leaves) chart has several strong advantages over existing charts.
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